Instant Pot Cancer Warning

Written By Irfan Hussain

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Instant pots are multi-cookers that have certainly made cooking easy for novices. The appliance isn’t just a simple pressure cooker, it is also capable of roasting, grilling and air frying.Its versatility is what makes it an eye candy. However, some users are concerned about whether it’s safe for their health. This concern has usually gained much momentum due to the myth going around that instant pots cause cancer, mainly accelerated by the instant pot cancer warning.

In our blog, we will discuss in detail whether the instant pot causes cancer and how to safely use the appliance to fulfil your needs.Let’s get into it!

Instant Pot Cancer Warning:

The Instant Pot cancer warning is just an alert to the users that the appliance has the potential to cause cancer however no conclusive evidence has been found yet. Therefore, to inform the users about what they are buying and the possible consequences of using the product, a cancer warning has been given so that the users buy the product at their own risk. This isn’t new as plenty of other appliances like air fryers, telephones and even smartphones have the same warning.

Instant Pot Cancer Warning

Does Instant Pot Cause Cancer?

No, instant pots don’t cause cancer. No evidence has yet been found to claim that the appliance can certainly cause cancer. This concern arose when it was found that cooking starchy foods at high temperatures under dry cooking methods, can result in the production of acrylamides- a carcinogen.However, this theory particularly fails in instant pots as this pressure cooker uses steam and moist heat to cook food. Acrylamides can be produced under such conditions. 

Moreover, the cookers are designed such that they cook the food at shorter cooking times. It reduces that cooking time to 70% and consumes only 50 to 60% energy. It cooks food at a temperature higher than the boiling point of water. For instance, if the water boiling point is 100C, the temperature in the instant pot can get as high as 120C making cooking time faster.

Comparatively, its cooking temperature is lower than the conventional cooking methods. For instance, in many oven recipes cooking temperature is at 400F whereas in pressure cookers it’s between 220 to 235F. With maximum lower temperature and shorter cooking times, and on top of having a moist environment, the acrylamides won’t be formed and hence, there is no possible risk of cancer. 

Another important factor that these conditions bring is the instant pot capacity to preserve food nutrients. It’s capable of retaining not only minerals and vitamins but also antioxidants. In a study, done by North Dakota University, pressure boiling and pressure steaming resulted in the retention of more vitamins and minerals compared to a simple boiling method.


For good results clean pots before and after use. It’s important to preheat the unit as well.

How Much Acrylamide Is Safe To Consume?

Researchers haven’t found any conclusive evidence regarding the safe acrylamide amount that you can consume. In an experiment where a diet high in acrylamide was fed to lab rats, the risk for tumour development and gene mutation doubled. However, since this experiment has been done on animals and not on humans, the results can vary.

Risks Vs Rewards Of Using Acrylamides: 

Someone who is concerned regarding the health issues that instant pots bring should be concerned about the same regarding other cooking methods.

Some possible advantages of using instant pots include;

  • Retains a large amount of vitamins and nutrients 
  • Capable of killing harmful bacteria in foods
  • Eliminates anti-nutrients like phytic acid
  • Preserve the flavour and texture of your food.

Let’s talk about the possible risks.

Well, according to the research articles quoted, the risk of developing cancer due to instant pots is very low compared to other cooking methods.

Similarly, with stainless steel instant pots, some users are concerned that it may leach into acidic foods and cause cancer. Similarly, some state that the instant pots increase glutamine levels which can cause potential liver damage.Research has found that instant pots are healthy and much better compared to microwave ovens that provide rubbery and soggy foods. Hence, this competition states that instant pots have more rewards compared to. it’s slightly low risk. Hence, proven that it’s a healthy cooking appliance and doesn’t cause cancer.


After the cooking cycle is complete, push the release valve to get rid of the excessive steam and lower the internal temperature. Be careful when you remove the lid as the steam can splash out and cause burns.

Instant Pot Air Fryer Cancer Warning: 

Instant pot air fryer is a multi-functional kitchen appliance that is capable of pressure cooking, slow cooking, steaming, sauteing and even air frying. This versatile appliance has been given a cancer warning mainly as it has been found that cooking starchy foods at high temperatures results in the production of acrylamides, which have a strong link with cancer development. 

Consuming high levels of acrylamides can lead to the following issues:

  • Respiratory problems
  • Prostate cancer
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Colon cancer

While using the pressure cooking function, the risk of acrylamide production is minimised due to the environment and its shorter cooking times and lower temperatures. However, while air frying, the acrylamide production risk increased. This is because in air frying, high cooking temperatures are used. 

  • To minimize the acrylamide risk, you can stop using their frying function to cook starchy foods like potatoes or you can go for foods that are low in carbohydrate content.b
  • Secondly, you can blanch and soak the potatoes to get the starchy content. This will further decrease acrylamide formation as most of the starch content is lost. 
  • While cooking, you should flip the food midway through the cooking process. Doing this will eliminate the production of acrylamide at specific spots of the food. 
  • Avoid overcooking of food as the acrylamide content increases as the food gets brown and ultimately charred. 
  • Since the acrylamides are formed due to high cooking temperatures, you can reduce the cooking temperature and increase the cooking time to reduce the acrylamide formation. This is a very effective strategy and it also reduces the risk of overcooking the food. 

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The following are the foods with low-starch content:

Leafy greens (e.g., spinach, kale, lettuce), Broccoli, Cauliflower, Zucchini, Asparagus, Apples, Pears, Cherries, Peaches, Lean meats (chicken breast, turkey, lean cuts of beef or pork), Fish (salmon, tilapia, cod), Bulgur, Barley, Walnuts, Chia seeds, Flaxseeds

Are Instant Pots Safe For Your Health?

Instant pots have been designed especially for health-conscious individuals. Regarding all the buzz going around about instant pot dangers, the unit is a healthy and non-toxic appliance that renders decent cooking results. Most of the instant pot accessories are made up of stainless steel. They don’t contain lead or silicon. Hence, they are completely safe and their acidic properties won’t leach into the food and make it toxic. 

Similarly, using the slow cooker function or pressure cooking function, you can preserve the natural vitamins and minerals of the food. Its nutrient retention power is greater compared to other cooking methods. This makes the Instant Pot a safe-to-use appliance

Instant Pot Bpa Warning: 

BPA is a potentially harmful chemical that is usually used in the production of epoxy resins and plastics. It has the potential to leach into foods and beverages and cause potential health effects. Although the instant pot inner pot is made up of stainless steel which is BPA-safe; some accessories are made up of silicon; like sealing rings and steam racks may contain traces of BPA. Therefore, a BPA warning is issued to aware the users of potential risks and they follow necessary usage guidelines to minimize the adverse effects. 

Instant Pot Prop 65 Warning:

The Prop 65 Warning is usually issued when the appliance is found to host carcinogens that potentially make humans vulnerable to developing tumours or cancer. The Instant Pot similar to other appliances like pressure cookers, microwave ovens and even electronics like telephones and smartphones etc contains a cancer warning. Although no definitive evidence is found that the appliance causes cancer, the agency has still incorporated the Prop 65 warning to make the buyers aware of its potential usage risks. This makes the user wear and carefully use the product within the general usage guidelines to prevent triggering associated cancer risks. 


The instant pot cancer warning might scare you, however, it’s just to aware the users regarding the potential risks the products come with. Research has found no evidence yet starting with surety that instant pot causes cancer.Moreover, it’s labelled as the healthiest appliance that uses healthy pressure boiling and pressure steaming-better than the conventional cooking methods.Overall, the instant pots are safe to use.

Irfan, a master of air frying and an expert in kitchen appliances, is the Chief Editor at Kitchen Fryer. His hands-on approach to reviewing each piece of content ensures authentic, verified, and trustworthy guidance for kitchen enthusiasts. His dedication has made Kitchen Fryer a prime resource for insights, tips, guides, and recipes related to air frying.

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